The Role Of Swasthavritta In Ayurveda

Swasthavritta In Ayurveda


Ayurveda is an ancient practice to heal the human body system. Ayurveda is derived from the Sanskrit word where Ayur means life and Veda means science or knowledge which means it is the knowledge of life. It is a form of medical care that encourages maintaining the balance between the body, mind, environment, and spirit.

This practice is 3000 years old. In Ayurveda, the treatment is started internally to defeat the root cause of the disease. In Ayurveda, the primary concept of medicine is based on the body's constitution (Prakriti), and life forces (Doshas). This practice is further divided into 3 categories also known as Doshas i.e. Vata, Pitta, and Kapha; which are the principles of the body, mind, and behaviour. Ayurveda treatment focuses on the elimination of impurities from the body, reducing stress levels, and strengthening the body and its organs.

In this current era, the lifestyle is changing drastically. Due to busy schedules and odd job timings, the health rate is declining and the rate of diseases and stress levels are increasing rapidly. Diseases that are occurring due to changes in lifestyle are happening due to inappropriate relations of people with their bodies, mind, spirit, and environment. Due to bad food habits, the demand for junk food, smoking, and alcohol, reduction in physical activities, stress and tension, and an unhealthy routine will lead to creating imbalances in the body which further results in diseases.

Health and diseases are interconnected as they both are dependent on the food we eat i.e. Ahara (Diet), the lifestyle we practice i.e. (Vihara), and Drugs medications, and therapies we take i.e. (Oushadha). In these three segments, the Ahara (Diet) plays a vital role. most of the diseases occur due to bad eating habits and improper cooking of food. In Ayurveda, the branch in which the prevention of disease is explained is known as Swasthavritta. In this article, we shed the light to acknowledge about the role of Swasthavritta in Ayurveda.

Also Read: A Study On Important Branches Of Ayurveda


Swasthavritta is a branch of Ayurveda that deals with the prevention methods to lead a healthy life. It is a science of health that includes the practice of maintenance of public health. Swasthavritta is a branch that deals with the maintenance of the health of an individual, and the prevention of diseases through diet, yoga, hygiene, and naturopathy.

Ayurveda defines and acknowledges how to live a healthy life. It is not limited to the treatment with herbs but it is a way of life that describes the diet, healthy diet, routine, behaviour, and rules that are beneficial to live a healthy life.

Ayurvedic literature is a deep ocean of ancient knowledge to dive in, to learn the basic concept of health. Maintaining balanced physical and mental health is the aim of Ayurveda. The lifestyle in Ayurveda literature is explained which is important to follow if an individual wants to live a healthy life. The conditions and rules that Ayurveda focuses on are –

  • Diet
  • Observance of moral, seasonal, personal, and spiritual.

The branch of Swasthavritta guides individuals about proper diet and procedures like neti, yogasana, pranayam, physiotherapy, and many more.


In Ayurveda, Swasthavritta defines the prevention of diseases through a healthy lifestyle, diet, yoga, and much more. Swasthavritta courses focus on preserving the health of a healthy person and curing the diseases of the diseased person.

Swasthavritta in Ayurveda suggests the sections of daily routine to follow for the prevention of diseases such as Dinacharya, Ratricharya, Ritucharya, Dietary, and Sadvritta. The herbs and rasayanas are used for the treatment of the disease and purification of the body. Here, Panchkarma is used to remove toxins from the body. Swasthavritta plays an important role as it teaches us the healthy lifestyle regimens to be healthy both mentally and physically.


Dinacharya means daily regimen or daily routine which is to be followed to remain healthy. It defines daily routine for a healthy state of mind and body as –


In Ayurveda, getting up early creates a healthy, alert, focused, and peaceful mind.


Ushapana is also known as Achaman in Ayurveda. After waking up Ayurveda states that washing hands and feet and drinking Luke warm or normal water preferably in a clay or copper vessel is beneficial. The benefits of regular drinking of water early in the morning help to improve digestion, help to pass the motion and urine easily, and minimize the risk of diseases in the digestive system.

Malamutra Visarhan

Voiding natural urges in the morning is best to maintain a healthy body. As this helps to maintain gut health and prevent diseases. The improper cleaning of the gut is the root cause of many diseases.


After excretion, the cleaning of teeth and tongue is vital. Teeth should be cleaned properly with astringent, herbs, and bitter plants like neem or fine powder of neem; Triphala, etc. cleaning the tongue is another vital step in the cleaning process. With a curve scraper, the tongue should be cleaned properly. This process helps to remove the filth and bacteria from the mouth and keeps you fresh. After cleaning teeth and tongue, gargling with lukewarm water with salt keeps gum, mouth, and throat healthy.


Nasal medication is the next step. Cleaning the nostrils passage is done by applying 35 drops of ghee or sesame oil in each nostril in the morning. Cleaning the nose helps to prevent headaches, sinusitis, skin complaints, and many more.


It means oil massage. Oil massage therapy is an essential part of Ayurveda. Here, massage oil to the whole body is necessary, particularly on the head, ears, and feet with oil such as mustard, sesame, and coconut oil. This helps increase blood circulation, soften skin, strengthen muscles, and enhance the quality of sleep. Massaging your feet before going to bed at night improves eyesight, fatigue, and stiffness of your feet.


Vyayama refers to exercise and yoga that is to be done regularly to remain healthy. Physical activity such as yoga asana and pranayama helps to increase blood circulation and resistance against diseases. The exercises improve digestion and organ health and improve memory. If one cannot do yoga at least one should walk.

Kshaur Karma

It refers to the cutting of hair and nails. Cutting of nails, hair, or shaving should be done a maximum of once in a week. This helps to maintain hygiene and remain body-light and fresh.


Snana means bathing. Bathing in the morning helps to maintain hygiene i.e. it removes sweat, dirt, and exhaustion. Bathing with cold or warm water improves digestion, muscle strength, and skin health.


A few minutes of meditation will help to have a peaceful mind. Sitting quietly in a quiet place provides you peace and self-awareness. Makes you calm, stress-free, and relaxed all day long.

Also Read:Is Ayurveda The Future Of Medical Science?


Diet plays a vital role to maintain a healthy body. As food is a part of our daily life then it is important to choose what is right to eat. Eating at the right time and the right food that is properly cooked helps to improve digestion.

  • Food should be eaten in a calm and comfortable manner.
  • Have a balanced diet and fruits in terms of nutrition and add nuts to your day.
  • Use clean utensils to maintain hygiene.
  • Do not eat junk and unhealthy choices of food.

3. Ratricharya

It explains the routine at night in Ayurveda as –

  • Dinner (Ratribhojan) should be eaten 3 to 4 hours before sleep. Dinner should be lighter and consumed in a warm state and fresh. Curd should be avoided at night. Take a slow walk after having your food.
  • Sleep (Nindra) The sleep should be a maximum of 8 hours. The quality of sleep is necessary to make your mind healthy and relaxed. Sleeping late at night should be avoided. In Ayurveda before going to sleep one should massage their head and feet with oil.

4. Rasayana

They are used to cure diseases and to prevent the body from having diseases. Rasayana improves immunity and performs important functions in the body. It helps to recover the body's health.

Maintaining proper health is vital. Having a proper routine and practicing yoga keeps your body away from diseases. Ayurveda teaches us to follow healthy habits for a better and healthy future.

Education in this field is essential. Awareness and education is a need to increase information about Ayurveda and healthy lifestyle. Many universities are there that offer the qualification in ayurvedic. Here we help you to choose the best educational center to learn and become an expert.

Mansarovar Ayurvedic Medical College (MAMC)

Mansarovar Ayurvedic Medical College (MAMC) is one of the best ayurvedic colleges in India. The MAMC is located in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. The MAMC College is approved by the Central Council of Indian Medicine, New Delhi, and the Government of India (AYUSH) and is affiliated with the Madhya Pradesh Medical Health Science University in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. This college was established in 2015 by Sri Sai Gramothan.

MAMC is one of the best colleges in Madhya Pradesh to provide a BAMS degree at a grand level. It is an education center in Ayurvedic studies with state of art facilities to enhance the learning experience of their students. The main aim of the college is to provide the best qualifications and training in the field of Ayurveda. They focus on training the students to become skilled and competent and highly qualified doctors.


This branch of Ayurveda deals with the prevention of disease by following habits of a healthy diet, healthy lifestyle, dinacharya, ritucharya and yoga, and many more. This department spread social awareness by teaching and practical training to the students. This department includes activities like surveys, health camps in village areas, health promotion, and prevention of disease. The Department of Swasthavritta also participates actively in national health programs and social activities related to health.

The vision of the department is to develop research methods to understand the ayurvedic principles of diet and yoga to support and prevent disease. The main aim is to focus on disease-free life and lifestyle, a good and healthy diet, and practicing yoga techniques.

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is an undergraduate program of 4.5 years plus 1 year of rotator internship. 100 seats are available for this program. The college provides the best facilities and clinical training to the students. The faculty of the university is highly qualified, skilled, and experienced and trains the students to learn the techniques and skills to become future experts.


The students who desire to get qualified in ayurvedic medicine learning then they can apply to MAMC College. As per Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India & Ministry of AYUSH of M.P. norms the eligibility criteria are as follows –

  • The candidates must have Senior Secondary School Certificate (10+2) or intermediate with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as optional subjects or its equivalent certificate/ Diploma with the above subjects recognized by the Government
  • Candidates must pass their 10+2 with a minimum of 50% marks for UR, and 45% for SC/ST.OBC.
  • Candidates must be qualified for NEET.
  • The age of the candidate should be 17 to 25 years as of 31st December of the year of the admission.
  • If eligible, students will get admitted only through the relevant Central/ State Govt. Counseling.

For more information, kindly visit the official website of MAMC.